New Testament Greek A

BA (Hons) in Theology - Year 1


This unit focuses on basic grammar and syntax as contained in the textbook; it also offers a brief historical treatment of language and of the transmission of the text, and pays attention to idiomatic expressions in New Testament Greek. Reading from the original text is emphasised from the start of the unit. The biblical text used is John’s Gospel, with selections from the Letters of John. The teaching of grammatical forms and structures is supported by teacher-prepared handouts with forms being introduced in the context of New Testament examples.


The average student needs to set aside at least 4 hours per week for private study, including the revision of work, translation exercises and the learning of vocabulary.

The exam covers grammar and comprehension questions, assisted translation and unseen translation; all passages are taken from John’s Gospel. To facilitate learning there are short tests at appropriate stages.


To introduce the grammar and syntax of New Testament Greek, to enable students to read

selected passages from the New Testament with appropriate study aids and to develop the use of the language in exegesis.


Category of outcome

By the end of this unit students should be able to:

Knowledge and understanding

·         Demonstrate an understanding of basic grammar and syntax of New Testament Greek

Intellectual skills

·         Translate straightforward New Testament passages into contemporary English with the help of appropriate study aids

Practical and Transferable skills; Personal qualities

·         apply their understanding of Greek grammar and translation to basic exegesis and interpretation


Assessment task


Weighting within unit


·         Class test (word formation)


25 minutes




·         Written examination (translation and grammar)


2 hours






Available on which programme(s)?

BA in Theology


Seminar 1 – The Greek alphabet, reading aloud

Seminar 2 – Verbs (present tense, stems and endings, statements and questions,

punctuation, negatives, sentence structure)

Seminar 3 – The UBS Greek NT; second and third declension nouns; the case

system, the complement and prepositions

Seminar 4 – Personal pronouns

Seminar 5 – Singular nouns, singular definite article, chiastic structures

Seminar 6 – The plural noun, first second and third declensions, definite article

Seminar 7 – Tense, mood and voice, contracted verbs, deponent verbs

Seminar 8 – Future tense, liquid verbs and ‘sensitive’ letters

Seminar 9 – Adjectives, word order, attributive and predicative positions

Seminar 10 – Adjectives with third declension endings, demonstratives

Seminar 11 – Aorist active and middle, irregular second aorists

Seminar 12 – Present, first aorist and second aorist active and middle imperative,


Seminar 13 – different types of adjective, degrees of comparison

Seminar 14 – Revision session

Seminar 15 – Adverbs, numbers

Seminar 16 – Conjunctions and their position, relative pronouns

Seminar 17 – Participles, passive, genitive absolute, compound verbs

Seminars 18-21 – Translation work

Teaching method

Small seminar group

Additional eLearning content

Unit materials are available at Spurgeon’s Online to support student



Written feedback to students within 15 working days from submission

Date of approval (for office use)


Information updated on

December 2015

Indicative reading



Indicative reading:






Plus one of the following:







After completing the unit:

Macnair, Ian, Teach Yourself New testament Greek (Nashville:

Thomas Nelson, 1995)

Aland, K., et al (ed.), The Greek New Testament 4th edn

(Stuttgart: UBS, 1993)

Duff, Jeremy, The elements of New Testament Greek 3rd edn

(Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2005)

Newman Jr, Barclay M., Concise Greek-English Dictionary of the

New Testament (Stuttgart: UBS, 1971)

Grosvenor, M., A grammatical analysis of the Greek New

Testament 5th edn (Rome: Editrice Pontifico Istituto Biblico, 1996)

Perschbacher, W., The New Analytical Greek Lexicon (Peabody:

Hendrickson, 1990)

Rogers, C.L. Jr. and C.L. III, The New Linguistic and Exegetical

Key to the Greek New Testament (Grand Rapids: Zondervan,1998)

Goodrich, R., and D. Diewert, A Summer Reader. A workbook

For maintaining your Biblical Greek (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001)

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New Testament Greek A

BA (Hons) in Theology - Year 1
Course Unit 126





Hours of Learning:



Dr Anthony D Rich

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